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Periodontics

Best dental clinic in Lucknow

Periodontics

Periodontics is a highly specialized area of dentistry that treats the area “around” a tooth, including gums, bone and supporting ligaments. Dentistree Dental Hospital and Implant center can boast of highly qualified oral healthcare professionals who specialize in the pain-free laser diagnosis and treatment of periodontal diseases and is considered as the best periodontist in Lucknow

Best Periodontist in Lucknow

We provide both surgical and non-surgical periodontal services like scaling and root planing (“deep cleaning”), crown lengthening and dental implants

  • We do Scaling which removes tartar and bacteria from your tooth surfaces and beneath your gums.
  • We do Root Planing which gets rid of rough spots on the root of the tooth where the germs gather. This procedure helps remove bacteria that contribute to the disease by discouraging the further buildup of tartar.
  • We perform Flap Surgery to remove tartar deposits in deep pockets. This surgery involves lifting back the gums and removing the tartar to keep the area clean and then the gums are sutured back in place so that the tissue fits snugly around the tooth again.
  • In addition to Flap Surgery, we also provide our patients with a procedure known as Bone and Tissue Grafting. For Bone Grafting, we place natural or synthetic bone in place of the lost bone to promote the growth of bone in that particular area. In cases where the gum tissue has been lost we perform a procedure called Tissue Grafting in which a synthetic material or tissue is taken from another area of your mouth is used to cover exposed tooth roots.

Bone Loss and Regenerative Procedures

Chronic periodontitis causes infections in the gum and consequential damages to soft tissue leading to bone loss. Usually occurring as a result of poor oral hygiene periodontitis also holds a higher risk of cardiac diseases and other serious health issues. A predominant cause of bone loss remains unreplaced multiple teeth or tooth loss. The stimulus of chewing puts enough pressure to preserve the bone. When tooth or teeth in an area are lost the bone resorbs leading to less or no bone in the area. The alveolar bone surrounds the tooth forming ridges which atrophy.

Another cause of bone loss is gingivitis that causes infection in the tissues beneath the teeth. The infection causes the gums to move away from the teeth filling the gingival sulcus with a plaque. Gradually this pocket becomes larger as the bacteria find their way into the tooth roots and finally affect the jaw bone wearing away valuable bone tissue.

The rate of bone loss varies from individual to individual. About 80% have a moderately progressive periodontal disease, while 11% have minimal or no progression of the periodontal disease but about 8% have rapid progression of the disease, causing about 1 mm of bone loss.

Consulting and getting treated from the best periodontist in Lucknow can help identiy and treat such problems early and effectively

Types of bone loss

Horizontal bone loss: It is extremely common where the height of the bone is reduced and margins are perpendicular to the surface of the tooth

Vertical or angular defects: The base of the angular defect is located in the apical bone and transpires in an oblique direction; they are also accompanied by osseous walls

Treatment for Bone Loss

Bone and tissue grafting: Lost gum tissues and bones are regenerated by placing synthetic bone in the area and promoting growth; along with this procedure, Periodontist in Lucknow perform a guided tissue regeneration procedure  where a mesh is inserted in between the gum tissue and the bone thus preventing the tissue from occupying the area meant for the bone

Sinus lifts: Due to resorption of the upper back teeth, the sinus cavity expands leaving a very thin oral cavity; to enable the placement of implants the sinus is raised and bone graft material placed in that area.
Flap surgery: The gums are lifted back and the tartar deposits are removed from the deep pockets to clean the area and reduce the periodontal pocket; the gums are then stitched back in place

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